Church background refers to the history of involvement in church life. Some are longterm church attenders. Others are recent newcomers without a church background. 'Transfers' have changed churches and 'switchers' have changed denominations.
The age profile of church attenders has been getting older over time.In the 2001 National Church Life Survey, 21% of Australian church attenders were aged 70 years and over. By 2016 this figure had reached 29%.
Women are more religious than men across different religions and nations. In Australia, six in ten church attenders identify as female and four in ten as male. This has been a constant trend for decades.
Australia is a multicultural country and churchgoers come from many ethnic backgrounds and cultures. Most churchgoers (64%) were born in Australia with 36% born overseas. The proportion of people from non-English speaking backgrounds has increased over time.
A third of employed church attenders worked in people-focused professions (such as teacher, lawyer, social worker, nurse. Employed churchgoers seek support from churches to explore the role their Christian faith can take in matters relating to their work.