NCLS Research

Households and Families

See pages 19 to 21 of your
Community Social Profile

Explore the household and family compositions of your community, in your CSP. You can Share this with others, Engage this with reflective questions, Dig Deeper into background research and national trends or Apply this to your setting with worksheets and workshops. Choose an option to suit you.

Download your CSP and share
Churches can download a copy of their CSP, using their Admin Key on the NCLS website. The pdf file can be saved, emailed, uploaded, or a selection of pages can be printed from it.

Screen shots for power point and newsletters
Using a pdf version of your CSP, you can use the “Take a Snapshot” edit function in Adobe Acrobat Reader, to copy a section and paste it into a document or a power point presentation.

Questions to ask about Care-Giving in your Community (p.19 of your CSP)
• As you look at the table of unpaid childcare and unpaid domestic work, do any of these figures surprise you?
• Combine your knowledge of employment in your community, with the hours spent on additional unpaid domestic work. What does it tell you about the available time people might have left over for participating in church activities?
• Do you think this information calls for a particular response from your church?
• How many people in your community have a need for assistance, due to a long term health condition or disability?
• How many people in your local area are providing unpaid assistance for someone with a disability?
• Does your church connect with those who have a need for assistance, and those who provide assistance to them? Could this be an area for review?

Questions to ask about Types of Households in your Community (p. 20 of your CSP)
• How many people live alone in your local community? How does your church respond to this?
• What proportion of households in your local community are family households? Does this surprise you, or does it affirm your church’s current family activities?
• Do households in your local area tend to be bigger or smaller than in Australia as a whole? What does this suggest about the particular needs of your community?
• Has anything changed much in this category over the last five years? Is this important?

Questions to ask about Marital Status and Family in your Community (p. 21 of your CSP)
• What are the most common types of family composition in this community? Has this changed? What response might this call from your church?
• How widespread is the presence of families with children under 15? Do you think they are well catered for in your local community? By your church?
• What is available in the local community to support people who are widowed, divorced, separated, or raising children on their own?

Prepare a report on your CSP
You might like to use the questions above or Worksheet 5 in your Workbook to summarise key points, to share with others in your church or community.

About Care-Giving
On Census night, all people aged 15 years and over were asked what unpaid assistance they had given to a person with a disability, unpaid childcare and unpaid domestic work they had done in the week prior to the Census.

Things to look for
This care-giving information was collected for the first time in the 2006 Census. Reflect on those factors that may explain care-giving patterns in your community, for example, age, family composition and employment.

National figures
Unpaid childcare: In the week before the 2011 Census, 28% of Australians aged 15 years and over provided unpaid childcare. Around 20% of these people cared only for their own children, while the remaining 8% included care for other children*.

Unpaid domestic work: The amount of unpaid domestic work reported by those aged 15 and over shows: 22% worked up to 5 hours, 27% worked  5 to14 hours, 12% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10% worked 30+ hours**.

Unpaid assistance to a person with a disability: In the week before the  Census 11% of people aged 15 and over gave unpaid assistance to a person with a disability.

*Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2011 Census of Population and Housing, 2011, Derived from B22 Unpaid Child Care by age by sex, Basic Community Profile, Catalogue Number 2001.0
** Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2011 Census of Population and Housing, 2011, Derived from B20 Unpaid Domestic Work: Number of hours by age by sex, Basic Community Profile, Catalogue Number 2001.0
*** Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2011 Census of Population and Housing, 2011, Derived from B21 Unpaid assistance to a person with a disability by age by sex, Basic Community Profile, Catalogue Number 2001.0

About Types of Households
The information provided on types of households shows the number of single person households, family households and group households in the community. It also indicates how many people live in each house.

Things to look for
The number of single person households (and where they’re concentrated) will be important to some groups and organisations. If you ‘reverse’ the colour coding of the map you’ll get an indication of the concentration of family and group households.

National trends
Nearly a quarter (24.3%) of all households are single person households, with 71.5% being family households. Just over a third of all households (34.0%) are two person households. Single person households are usually more common in young adult and old age groups. These figures are similar to the 2006 figures.

About Marital Status
The Community Social Profile shows the marital status of those aged 15 years and over in your local community. The two categories used by the ABS are registered marital status and social marital status, which includes de facto marriages.

National trends
Married: The proportion of Australians who are married has been declining, and for the second time it has dropped below 50% of people aged over 15 years in 2011 (48.7% in 2011 compared with 49.6% in 2006). Those marrying are doing so later in life, with the median age for people getting married for the first time being 30 years for men and 28 years for women (up from 27 and 25 years respectively in 1995)*.

Separated and Divorced: The percentage of people over the age of 15 who are separated or divorced was 11% in 2011, which is the same as it was in 2006.

Widowed and Never Married: In 2011 of those aged 15 and over , 5.5% were widowed and around a third (34.3%) had never been married, which is similar to 2006.

*Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008) Yearbook Australia, Catalogue Number 1301.0

About Family Composition
Your Community Social Profile shows a number of categories of family in your local community: couple families without any children in the household, couple families with at least one child in the household aged under 15, couple families with all children in household aged 15 and over, one parent families with at least one child in household aged under 15, one parent families with all children in household aged 15 and over and other families (e.g. siblings living together, families including grandparents etc).

Things to look for
A clear picture can be developed from this information of the families in the community. For example, how many are young and how many are long established? Each type of family will have their own needs. Schools and other organisations might want to note the number of families with children in their area.

Communities with higher levels of people who are part of families with children under 15 may need additional children’s facilities or programs. It may also be desirable to develop stronger connections with schools, kindergartens and other local structures that bring families together. If the families are young families then perhaps crèches or play-cafes can be supported.

National trends
Couple families with children comprise 45% of all families in Australia (45% in 2006). One-parent families comprise 16% of all families (16% in 2006). A further 38% of families are couple families without children (37% in 2006). The remaining 1.7% of families are classified 'other families'.

See the Community Social Profile Guide for more information, including Technical Notes and how to understand Tables, Maps and Graphs.

Tip sheets- how to use the CSP to inform Ministry to Families
Download Children's (and Families) Ministry Tip Sheet

Workshop processes to walk through your CSP
There are a variety of Workshop Processes in your Workbook to plan effective ways to improve your connections to the wider community.

Worksheets  for use
A selection of Worksheets are available in your Workbook to use alongside your CSP, to look at your community, chart connections and apply the information.

The CSP, Workbook and Guide can be accessed online by those churches who purchase their Community Connections Pack. Enter your Admin Key under "Administer Your Church". Your Admin Key was included on the cover letter in your Pack.

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